Pad Thai: The National Dish That Became A Global SensationBy Larissa C May 8, 2023
Pad Thai is one of the most beloved dishes in Thai cuisine, and its popularity has spread around the world. But what many people may not realize is that the history of this iconic dish is deeply intertwined with Thailand’s political and economic history.
The origins of Pad Thai can be traced back to the early 20th century when Thailand was facing a period of modernization and cultural renewal.
As part of a national campaign to promote Thai identity and unity, the government established the Ministry of Commerce in 1925 and tasked it with developing a national cuisine that could represent the country on the international stage.
One of the key figures in this culinary revolution was Luang Phibunsongkhram, the Prime Minister of Thailand from 1938 to 1944 and again from 1948 to 1957. Phibunsongkhram saw food as an important tool for promoting Thai nationalism and modernization, and he played a key role in the development of Pad Thai.
At the time, Thailand was facing a shortage of rice, and Phibunsongkhram saw an opportunity to promote an alternative grain: noodles. He launched a campaign to promote the consumption of noodles, and Pad Thai was one of the dishes that emerged from this effort. The dish featured stir-fried rice noodles, shrimp, tofu, egg, and bean sprouts, all seasoned with fish sauce, tamarind, and chili.
Phibunsongkhram also saw Pad Thai as a way to promote Thailand’s image abroad. He introduced the dish at the World Fair in New York in 1964, where it was well-received by visitors from around the world. From there, Pad Thai’s popularity continued to spread, becoming a staple of Thai restaurants in the United States and beyond.
Today, Pad Thai is recognized as a national dish of Thailand, and it is enjoyed by people of all backgrounds around the world. Its popularity is a testament to the power of food to transcend cultural and political boundaries and to bring people together in a shared appreciation of delicious cuisine.
The gastro-diplomatic history of Pad Thai is a fascinating example of how food can be used as a tool for promoting cultural exchange and understanding.